SYSTEMIC & DISEASES THE EYE
An ocular manifestation of a system disease is an eye condition that directly or indirectly, occurs as a result of a disease process in another part of the body. There are many disease that are known to cease ocular co-visual changes and these disease inside but limited to diabetics, hypertension. HIV and AIDS , rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus.
Diabetics can manifest in the eye as diabetic retinopathy which is one of the leading causes of blindness worldwide among adult age 20 to 74 years. It has been estimated that nearly all patients with type 1 diabetics and 60% of these with type 2 diabetics will develop some from of retinopathy without 20 years disease on set regardless of their diabetic control. Follow up in the annual retinal screening and prompt treatment are key component parental care diabetes may result to other visual or ocular disease such as cataract, muscular oedema and regular changes in re-fracture statistic fluctuation of refractive status). Hypertension usually manifests in the eye as hypertensive nephropathy.
It also indirectly as a Risk factor for other ocular diabetes such as retinal vein collusion retinal embolism macro organism and optic neuropathy studies have reached that these is a strong correlation of in the hypertensive retinopathy and risk of stroke studies also that hypertensive retinopathy can be used to predict constant congestive heart failure,but ventricular heart failure and renal heart impairment.
In HIV patients CD4 count remains the greatest prediction of ocular manifestation it is not uncommon for HIV patient to experience an older complication at some point. The most common manifestation is contagiosum a viral infection of the skin, other manifestation include herpes zostes ophthalmicus conjunctival microvarscular disease which affects up to 75% to 80% of patients, kerat0- conjunctivitis sicca (dry eye), infectious keratitis and iridocyclitis (associated with cytomegalovinus CMV) etc.
Ocular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis include keratoconjunctivitis sicca, episcleritis ,scleritis and corneal diseases. Most of ocular manifestation of systemic lupus Erythematosus are usually sight threatening. To avoid regrets in future examine your eye regularly or at least once in a year
At Fornnex eye clinic ,we offer comprehensive eye evaluation that may help detect possible systemic diseases